Apple is making fantastic progress with iOS. They continue to release firmware updates and betas at a frequent pace, and with each new release, developers must download and install a new version of XCode compatible with the new firmware. Managing the various versions and their associated firmwares can be a challenge. In this article I'm going to give you a couple of tips that will hopefully help.
It's not uncommon for developers to have multiple versions of XCode installed on the same system in order to support development/testing across a wide range of devices and firmware versions. XCode by default installs in /Developer, and it is common practice to install the latest beta version in /DeveloperBeta. Those testing XCode4 know its default install folder is /XCode4. Personally I found this to be messy and inadequate.
My preferred setup now is to create a directory /XCode and install each version of XCode underneath using the version info as it's base folder name. Currently this looks like this:
/XCode/3.2.3_4.0.2 /XCode/3.2.4_4.1b3 /XCode/xcode4_dp2
When installing XCode in this fashion, you’ll find that in some cases, you won’t be able to install/debug a build on one of your devices because of a mismatch in firmware versions. For example, the XCode 4 Developer Preview 2 was released before firmwares 4.0.2 for iPhone and 3.2.2 for iPad. So if you’ve updated your devices to those firmwares, you’re now unable to use XCode 4 to directly install or debug.
There is a simple fix however. You just need to create symlinks from one version of XCode to another. Assuming you’re using a layout similar to what I’ve detailed above. If you look under /XCode/xcode4_dp2/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport you’ll see folders for each version of iOS that you can install/debug on. 3.2.2 and 4.0.2 are obviously missing. If you’ve installed the latest version of XCode 3 with support for those versions, you can make XCode 4 work with them.
In terminal, issue the following commands to create the required symlinks:
ln -s /XCode/3.2.3_4.0.2/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport/4.0.2 \ /XCode/xcode4_dp2/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport ln -s /XCode/3.2.3_4.0.2/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport/3.2.2 \ /XCode/xcode4_dp2/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport
Similarly, If you’re using the 4.1 beta 3 firmware on your iPhone, you’ll need XCode 3.2.4_4.1b3 installed, and can then enable support for that firmware version in XCode4 also:
ln -s /XCode/3.2.4_4.1b3/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport/4.1\ \(8B5097d\) \ /XCode/xcode4_dp2/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/DeviceSupport
If you have your XCode versions installed under a different directory structure (/Develper, /DeveloperBeta, and /XCode4 etc), you’ll just need to tweak the above lines to point to the correct folders.
A similar trick can be used to allow you to use a base SDK of 3.1.3 or earlier, which is no longer included in the latest versions of XCode. Just create links under the /XCode/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/Developer/SDKs to an older XCode that does include support for the SDK you need.
If you have any tips to improve upon this, see an error in what I’ve described, or otherwise have anything else to contribute, please let me know.